kwanyin 022 彼得·科萨克 – 最爱的北京声音 peter cusack – favorite beijing sounds


cd; special paper sleeve; 2007

bandcamp

这是北京市民选出的“最喜爱的声音”。从“吃了吗”到电报大楼的钟声,从刻字机,到鸽哨……
这是2005年,英国文化协会主办的“都市发声”项目的一部分。由英国艺术家,音乐家彼得·科萨克主持。他也在伦敦,芝加哥,布拉格进行了同样的创作。
由英国文化协会资助出版

设计:Nowhereblue

曲目:
1 天安门广场升旗 (2:31)
每天早上日出时,群众在天安门广场上观赏升旗典礼时透过扩音机播放的国歌。
“第一次看到升旗典礼的时候,我只有8岁。军人们的踏步声令我印象深刻。我现在仍然觉得这样的声音很神圣。身为北京市民,我很高兴能参加天安门的升旗典礼。”

2 北京卖报小贩 (1:33)
北京到处都可以听见的叫卖声取样,即使是最小的摊贩都会大声推销自己的货品。最常听见的是黄昏时卖报小贩的声音:“晚报!北京晚间新闻!晚报!竞报!”。
3 电信大楼的时钟(1:42) – 录音:颜峻
许多人认为电信大楼的钟声是北京的象征。
4 景山公园的老歌 (3:28)
尤其是在周末的时候,好几千个老人聚在公园听音乐,练太极拳,跳舞或是百人合唱解放老歌。这是很多人最喜欢的北京声音。
“我喜欢这种怀旧的回忆,让我感到很温暖。我喜爱这种像在寻找整理老照片的感觉。”

5 中文割字机器 (1:46)
设计公司通常会有在纸上或是卡片上割出中文字的机器。机器的声音跟旋律会根据字的大小与形状的不同而改变。
6 天空中鸽子发出的哨声 (4:42)
当鸽子飞在空中时,绑在它们尾巴上的小竹哨会发出神奇的旋律,但这个独特的传统已经渐渐式微。这段录音地点在大栅栏,是一个很有名的胡同,里头有许多小店铺,充满生活与声音的细节。这个区域似乎也随着北京的大规模建设发展渐渐消失。
7 呼叫鸽子 (1:34)
北京的鸽子不是野生的,通常是养在屋顶的笼子里。在拥挤狭窄充满人类声音的街上,上一个曲目里听到的鸽子主人正在呼叫他的鸽群。
8 大枣掉落碗里(1:55) – 录音:北京中央音乐学院学生
秋天的时候,北京的人们会在四合院的树下放碗,然后以竹竿摇动树枝来打枣,现在已经很少听到这种声音。在这段录音里,一些学生通过从树上倒大枣来模拟当时的景象。
9 磨刀的人(2:47) – 录音:高磊与董轩成
另一个在北京已经消失的声音。磨刀的人通常会一边磨挂在胸前的一块金属片,一边叫喊:“磨剪刀!磨刀!”来招揽客人。
10 胡同里的寂静 (1:17)
在混乱的北京,仍然可能找到非常寂静的地方。这段录音是一个爸爸骑脚踏车载着儿子经过胡同的声音。
11 北京风里的笼中鸟 (2:54)
对某些人来说,北京的风声非常的特别,然而也有人认为这样的特质随着高楼大厦的与日俱增而有所改变。
“我觉得在北京最美的地方是有风的地方,因为有风。”

12 街头叫卖1 (0:27)
骑着脚踏车的人沿街叫喊着:“收破烂!收酒瓶!”,是独特的北京声音。
13 街头叫卖2 (0:34)
14 大楼夜间施工 (3:16)
在2005年录音时,北京正在经历一个基本的转型,到处都有整夜不停开工的工地。关于这个声音,提议者说:“我知道这个时候事实上城市有两面:一个是喧嚣的诞生,一个是宁静的死亡。这个声音听起来像是新生婴儿的哭声,也像是将死之人的呻吟。我知道这个声音有一天会停止,到那时候我很好奇人们是会感到安心,还是感到失落。”
15 交通噪音 (1:53)
“每天交通颠峰时刻我都会遇上堵车,这时候汽车喇叭声会比人的声音更大,把路人的焦躁感扩大数倍。所以我必须强迫自己喜欢这种“流行音乐”,否则我会发狂。”
16 北京出租车计价表 (0:40)
“新的出租车计价表是2005年生产的,例如北京现代这种车款。计价表的招呼语是我最喜欢的北京声音。让我印象最深刻的是下车时发出的传统女性声音。”
17 后海之夜 (1:49) – 录音: 中央音乐学院学生
后海是一条充斥着餐厅酒吧的街,也是北京最受欢迎的夜生活景点之一。
“走在后海,我听到酒吧里面传来的音乐。虽然我从未去过这些酒吧,音乐跟声音让我觉得好像回到北京。走在街上让我感觉很轻松。”

18 说英文的出租车计价表 (0:35) –录音:高磊与董轩成
19 幼儿园里的小孩 (1:54) – 录音:颜峻
“每天我都会经过家附近的幼儿园,那里有拍球声、奔跑声、儿童唱歌声、老师的钢琴伴奏声等等。北京仍然是一个需要健康快乐成长,需要特别呵护的小孩。我在这里找到我最爱的北京声音。这些声音让我感觉也感受到北京的成长,是快乐的,健康的……”
20 小学生在课堂上的朗读 (2:32)
一个40个6岁小孩的课堂,齐声朗读着“春雨的颜色”。
21 中学女学生 (1:50) – 录音:高磊与董轩成
“我最喜欢的声音是下午五点或六点钟时,中学女生在公交车或是地铁里谈天嘻笑的声音”。 这里收录的声音是考试时的谈话,吃午饭时,互传短信跟吃饭时的声音。
22 漫步银杏叶上 (1:23) – 录音:高磊与董轩成
每年秋天当北京的银杏树叶开始飘落,树下会堆积厚厚一层的黄色树叶。
23 山喜鹊的啁啾声(1:18)
山喜鹊是北京最常见到的鸟之一,在市郊的私人墓地的高枝上啁啾啁啾。
24 “吃了吗?” (0:46) –录音:颜峻
北京人的招呼方式。
25 数钞票 (1:18) – 录音:高磊与董轩成
“我认为北京最好听的声音是银行里的声音,有数钞票的声音,按密码的声音跟印出清单的声音。”
26 胡同里的餐厅 (2:19) – 录音:高磊与董轩成
“每天都有许多人在我家附近的小饭馆里面喝酒喧闹。事实上,真实的北京当地生活水平并不高,因此这样的业余生活对他们来说是十分多采多姿的。”
27 北京地铁街头艺人 (2:04)
中国南方来的歌者在地铁里卖艺,音乐从携带式的音箱里播出。他的伙伴负责收钱,路过的行人看起来出手还算大方,对很多人来说这是唯一的挣钱方式。
28 北京地铁广播 (3:54)
北京地铁广播:为了您乘车便利,以下是一号线的首班及末班车时间。由四惠站发出的第一班列车是4:57,5:06抵达四惠东,最后一班列车是23:15;由古城路发出的第一班列车是4:58;由苹果园发出的第一班列车是5:10,最后一班列车是22:55。”
29 前门的钥匙 (0:31) – 录音:高磊与董轩成
30 天坛公园漫步的声音(9:52)
一段经过编辑,壮观的北京声音经历。在天坛公园许多表演者聚集在一起,涵盖各式各样的音乐类型,依据你选择的路线不同可以看到传统表演或是特技。卡拉OK非常普遍,但是以音乐光盘作背景表演传统乐器可能是个问题。这首曲目最后结尾部分是一个口琴乐团,表演很引人入胜,演奏者的皮带上配着一个小型麦克风,舞者穿着红色衣服优雅地在围观群众间舞动着。

除非特别注明,所有曲目由彼得·科萨克录音。
英译中:苏铂琪

this is favorite sounds choosen by Beijinger. from “have you eaten?” to bell of telegraph center. from character engraving machine to pigeon whistles…
in 2005, British Council curated Sound And The City project in China. UK artist and musician Peter Cusack holded this Favorite Beijing Sound as a part. also as a continuation after his Favorite Sound London, Chicago and Prague.
supported by British Council

design:Nowhereblue

Track list:
1 Raising the Flag in Tiananmen Square (2:31)
Everyday at sunrise crowds of people watch as the Chinese flag is raised high on the flagpole in Tiananmen Square, while the national anthem plays through loudspeakers.
“I was only 8 years old, when I watched the national flag-raising ceremony for the first time. The sound of the firm steps of those soldiers has been engraved in my mind. Even now I find it sacred. As a native Beijing citizen, I feel happy that I could watch at Tian’anmen Square.”

2 Beijing Newspaper Seller (1:33)
Sampling loudhailers can be heard everywhere in Beijing, used by even the smallest stallholder for loudly advertising their wares. One of most ubiquitous is for the evening newspapers, “Evening Paper, Beijing Evening News, Evening Paper, Mirror”.
3 Telegraph Building Clock (1:42) – recording: Yan Jun
Several people mentioned this clock chime as a sound they found particularly symbolic of Beijing.
4 Old Songs in Jingshan Park (3:28)
Particularly at weekends thousands of older people gather in parks to play music, practice tai chi, ballroom dance or sing old revolutionary songs in choirs hundreds strong. This is many people’s favourite sound of Beijing.
“I love this kind of reminiscence, making me feel warm. And I love the feelings like going around and cleaning the old photos.”

5 Character Engraving Machine (1:46)
Art design shops usually have machines for cutting Chinese characters into paper or card. The machine’s sound and rhythm changes according to the character’s size and shape.
6 Pigeon Whistles in the Sky (4:42)
Small bamboo whistles fitted to pigeons’ tails create magical chords in the sky when they fly. It is a unique tradition, sadly in decline. This recording was made in Dahzalan, a famous hutong of numerous small shops, full of life and sonic details. The area is likely to disappear as part of Beijing’s massive re-development.
7 Calling the Pigeons (1:34)
Beijing’s pigeons are not wild but are kept in lofts, often situated on house roofs. Here, amongst the very human sounds of a narrow hutting street, the owner of the pigeons heard in the previous track calls down his flock.
8 Chinese Dates Falling into Bowls (1:55) – recording: students from the Central Conservatory of Music, Beijing.
In autumn people in Beijing courtyards would pick dates by placing bowls under the trees and shaking the branches with bamboo poles. Today it is a rare sound. In this recording the students have re-created the scene by dropping dates from high up a tree.
9 Knife Sharpener Man (2:47) – recording: Gao Lei & Dong Xuancheng
Another disappearing Beijing sound. The ‘knife sharpener man’ attracts customers by scrapping a ridged metal plate hanging round his chest and by his cry, “Sharpen scissors! Sharpen knife!”
10 Hutong Quiet (1:17)
Amongst Beijing’s chaos it is still possible to find places of the utmost quiet. Here the still of a hutong street is broken by a father and son and a passing bicycle.
11 Beijing Wind with Caged Songbirds (2:54)
For some the sound of Beijing wind is very special, although they say its character is being changed by the ever increasing number of high-rise buildings.
“In Beijing, the place that I find most beautiful is where there’s wind. Because there is wind there”

12 Street Cry1 (0:27)
Men with bicycle carts crying “Rubbish recycling! Empty bottle recycling!” is a particularly Beijing sound.
13 Street Cry2 (0:34)
14 Building Site at Night (3:16)
At the time of recording (2005) Beijing is undergoing a fundamental transformation. Building sites that work through the night under floodlights are everywhere. About this sound the proposer says, “I know that at this time, there are two cities actually. One is the birth of bustle and another is the dying out of silence. The sound seems to be the crying of newborn baby, and also like the moans of one who is dying. I know that the sound will stop one day. And if that moment comes, I wonder if I would feel at ease or feel lost.”
15 Traffic Hoots (1:53)
“Everyday I meet traffic in the rush hour, hear that the noises from hooting are noisier than those of voices from people, conveying the anxiety magnifying by multiple times. So I must force myself to like this “popular music”, otherwise I will become frantic.”
16 Beijing Taxi Meter (0:40)
“The voice of meter on the new taxi produced in 2005, such as Beijing Xiandai, is my favourite sound of Beijing. What give me an especially deep impression is a traditional mandarin female voice when I get out.”
17 Hohei Evening (1:49) – recording: students from the Central Conservatory of Music, Beijing.
Hohei is one of Beijing’s most popular nightspots.“Walking around Houhai, I heard the music from the bars. Although I have never been to those bars, the music and sounds make me feel I am back in Beijing. Walking along the street, I felt quite relaxed.”
18 Taxi Meter Speaks English (0:35) – recording: Gao Lei & Dong Xuancheng
19 Children in the Kindergarten (1:54) – recording: Yan Jun
“Every day I pass the kindergarden near my home. There are sounds of patting balls, running footsteps, children singing with the teacher playing the piano and so on. Beijing is still a child, it needs to grow up healthily, happily and to thrive it needs our care and protection particularly. I think this is the place where my favourite Beijing sound is found. These sounds help me feel and experience every day it grows. It is happy, healthy…”
20 School Kids Reading in Class (2:32)
A class of about 40 six year old children read the story, ‘Colour of Spring Rain’ in disciplined unison.
21 Middle-school Girl Students (1:50) – recording: Gao Lei & Dong Xuancheng
“The sound I like best is made by female middle school students when they are talking or joking with each other on buses or subways around five or six o’clock in the evening.”
Here the talk is of exams, where they eat lunch, SMS texting each other and the cost of snacks.

22 Walking on Ginkgo Leaves (1:23) – recording: Gao Lei & Dong Xuancheng
Every autumn leaves from the Beijing’s many ginkgo trees fall thick and yellow.
23 Magpie’s Chatter (1:18)
Azure –winged magpies, one of Beijing’s commonest birds, chatter in tall trees above a small unofficial graveyard on the city’s edge.
24 “Have You Eaten” (0:46) – recording: Yan Jun
A Beijingers’ greeting.
25 Counting Bank Notes (1:18) – recording: Gao Lei & Dong Xuancheng
“In my opinion, the most fair-sounding places in Beijing are the banks, in with the sound of numbering the bank notes, entering the password and sending the lists.”
26 Small Lane Restaurant (2:19) – recording: Gao Lei & Dong Xuancheng
“Everyday, there are many people drinking in the small restaurant near my home and there’s a hubbub of voices there. Actually, the living standard of real native Beijing citizens is not high. And this is the colourful nightlife for them.”
27 Beijing Subway Busker (2:04)
A singer from one of China’s southern provinces busks on the train, the reverb turned full up on his portable amplifier. His partner collects the money; passengers seem reasonably generous.
28 Beijing Subway Announcements (3:54)
The sound of Beijing’s subway. “For your convenience, here is the first and last train time of Line One. first from Si Hui: 4:57; Si Hui Dong: 5:06; last train: 23:15; first from Gu Cheng Lu: 4:58; first train from Ping Guo Yuan: 5:10; last train: 22:55”
29 Key in Front Door (0:31) – recording: Gao Lei & Dong Xuancheng
30 Temple of Heaven Park soundwalk (9:52)
An edited recording of one of Beijing’s most spectacular sonic experiences. Performers gather so close together in the Temple of Heaven Park that the whole range of musical styles, traditions and competences on offer is mixed according to your chosen route. Karaoke is very popular, but tuning traditional instruments to the CD backing can be a problem. The track ends with a charming ‘harmonica band’; the instrumentalists wear tiny amplifiers that squeal on their belts and the dancer, dressed in red, moves gracefully in a circle of onlookers.

All recordings Peter Cusack except where noted
translated from English into Chinese by Frankie Su

Peter Cusack
英国文化协会 British Council